During the season of Advent, I am translating from Greek to English the weekday epistle readings out of the Daily Lectionary of the Book of Common Prayer.
Tuesday, 15 December 2020 2 Peter 1:12-21
12. It is my intention to remind you always about these things which you have known, and to be steadfast in the arrival of truth.
13. I consider it proper that as long as I am in this skin, to rouse you with reminders
14. because I know I will lose my skin soon, just as our Lord Jesus Messiah showed me.
15. I will be diligent so that at any time after my exodus you will be able to remember these things.
16. For we do not follow cleverly made myths. Having become spectators of his majesty, we then made known to you the power and presence of the Lord Jesus Messiah.
17. For he received honor and glory from Father God when the voice was carried as it were from majestic glory – “This is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased.”
18. We heard this voice from heaven when we had been brought to be with him on the holy mountain.
19. We have the prophetic word, which is even firmer. You would do well to hold onto it as a shining lamp in a gloomy place until the day should dawn and the daystar may rise in your hearts.
20. First, know this – that all prophetic scripture does not become open to personal interpretation.
21. No prophecy was brought by a person’s will, but by the Holy Spirit carrying what they spoke from God.
It seems to me Peter views his primary task as that of reminder. He thinks it is proper and right for him to remind them of things, and as long as he lives he will do it. He even goes so far as to say that long after he is gone, he wants what he says to still be a reminder. The word he uses to describe his existence in this world is ‘tent’ or sometimes ‘tabernacle’. Many English renderings use ‘flesh’ but I think ‘skin’, which a tent was a skin of animals, because I think it works well in the parlance of tent making. What’s more, the first four letters in Greek word for ‘tent’ are roughly analogous to the four letters s-k-i-n. I always try to keep cognates if I can.
There is a strong connection in my mind, and if I were preaching this I would pull this out in a very long and probably boring way, with the biblical imagery and metaphors Peter is using. First, he says he is in a tent, and he will soon have an exodus out of that tent. The word exodus means departure, but I chose to keep the transliteration of the Greek here because it should remind the reader of the tents of the Israelites in the desert and also fo the tabernacle for God’s dwelling. Second, later he will reference the Mount of Transfiguration where the glory was revealed. It was there that Peter recommended, according to the Gospels, the erecting of tents for Jesus, Elijah, and Moses. Third, Luke tells us that it was on that mountain that Jesus spoke to the two Old Testament heroes about his upcoming exodus, or departure. Fourth, the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle but it was present in Jesus. Peter calls it majestic glory. What a beautiful phrase.
This is the kind of thing Peter is reminding them, and us, about.
As powerful as that memory is for The Fisher Apostle, he puts it behind the prophetic word. The truth of this concept cannot be delineated. Our experiences are interpreted by scripture. We do not interpret scripture by our experiences.
Questions For Application
What thing or things do you continue to keep doing until you ‘lose your skin’?
Once you have your exodus event, what do you want the memory of you to remind people about their own faith journey?
What do you hold on to that is like a lamp in a gloomy place?
What is your favorite part of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)?
I know that tomorrow is Thanksgiving, but Sunday is the first day of Advent. As per my tradition, each year I spend time translating from the Greek New Testament some of the Advent readings. I do this for many reasons but now as I am a full-time writer I do it as a writing exercise. Translating is a different kind of writing, but it is an important skill in wordsmithing. By the way, wordsmithing apparently is not a real word but it should it be.
Where do I get these readings? Do I make them up on my own? No. They come straight from the most universally accepted source for daily Bible readings–the Book of Common Prayer. Most people would think these are readings about the birth of Christ. But no, they are not. These are readings, almost invariably each year, are about Jesus’ second coming and that is an important Advent theme. Just as Christ came into the world once, he promised to come again. Usually this means I end up translating the spooky Olivet Discourse from the gospels. But the last two years I have done the readings from the epistles. For 2013 I have translated the daily readings, year two, Monday-Saturday on the epistle ledger. For this year that means our readings are from 2 Peter, Jude, and Revelation. That’s right. I have translated for you the first six chapters of Revelation. I know, the excitement is more than I can take. I am not really into the doom and gloom, but these passages are a powerful call to us in the midst of great materialism to consider what exactly are the things that will last once this earth passes away? Here is a clue: It will not be anything you get from standing in line at a Black Friday sale.
My translation theory is pretty simple. I seek to keep subjects and verbs close together and I attempt to translate a word the same away every time it appears. In addition I like to use gender inclusive language because that is the way I understand plural words such as “adelphoi” or “anthropoi” in their common usage. It is also important to me to be as faithful to the text as possible but, and here is the slippery tricky wicket, to make the meaning clear to the modern ear. The ancient Greeks and Jews thought about life and things differently than we do and to convey their meaning sometimes means playing around with words.
What I would like for you to do–and I mean this–is to maybe use these translations as a reading schedule for your personal Advent devotions. They are broken down day by day (I will post each week) and take you up through Christmas Eve. There are no Sunday translations because you should be at worship that day reading your church’s lections. I have included some interpretative notes in italics beside some of the verses. I just couldn’t help myself.
If you don’t like my renderings, please toss them and read instead from a really good translation like the ESV or the NRSV. However, I have found that these renderings, made by committee, often do not reflect the actual intent of the text but instead reflect the theological ideology of the group of people putting it together. But I digress.
When you’re reading week one, note that it is not me that skipped Chapter 2 of 2 Peter, but the lectionary. I don’t know why, but I followed their lead.
Monday 2 Peter 1:1-11
1. From Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who are equally allotted faith by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ.
2. May grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and our Lord Jesus Christ.
3. Whose divine power gives us life, godliness, knowledge, and purpose for his glory and virtue.
4. Through whom he has given the greater gifts of honor and promise, so that you might become partakers with the divine nature, escaping the corrupt desires in the world.
5. For this very reason all your eagerness must be leveraged to supplement your faith with virtue, virtue with knowledge,
6. knowledge with self-control, self-control with patience, patience with godliness,
7. godliness with brotherly love, and brother love with unconditional love.
8. For these gifts are increasingly yours, not so that they might make you useless or fruitless, but for the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
9. As for anyone in whom these gifts are not present–he is blind, closing his eyes, oblivious of the fact he received cleansing of his old sins.
10. Therefore, all the more, brothers and sisters, you must be firmly diligent, making certain of your calling and election. Anyone who does will never stumble.
11. and entrance will be richly supplied into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
The ladder of virtues pushes us forward in our spiritual walk, and verse 8 is a warning. We do not grow toward agape “unconditional love” so that we can be useless or content but so that we might know Jesus better. Think about this as the goal of the Christ-followers life–to know Jesus better.
Tuesday 2 Peter 1:12-21
12. I intend to remind you about these things, even though they are known and confirmed in the truth that has already come to you.
13. Now I consider it right for as long as I am in this tent–this temporary dwelling–to awaken your memory.
14. Know that, just as our Lord Jesus Christ showed me, it is near time for me to leave my “tent.”
15. I will be diligent, now and always, that after I have my exodus you will remember these things.
16. For it was not subtle myths that you chased, but it was the power and presence of our Lord Jesus Christ made known to you. You have been made spectators of that greatness.
17. For he received from God the Father honor and glory when his voice carried such majestic glory, “This is my beloved son, in whom I am pleased.”
18. This is the sound we ourselves heard from heaven when we were brought to be with him on the holy mountain.
19. And, even more reliable, we have the prophetic word that you would do well to hold onto. It is a lamp shining in a dark room until the day dawns, when the morning star rises in your hearts.
20. Knowing primarily, that all prophecy, all scripture, is not a matter of personal interpretation.
21. For prophecy was not developed by the will of people but people spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
Two notes here–one is the word play with “tent” that Peter uses. For him it is a metaphor for his body and uses it to speak about his impending demise. However, the linkage between tent as Tabernacle in the Hebrew Bible and his usage of the word “exodus” in verse 15 reminds of the constant New Testament analogy of Jesus leading us to a promised land out of slavery. Also notice that Peter seems to indicate that the scriptures, the Hebrew prophets are more reliable than his own eyewitness account of what God did. Think about that for a little while as a contrast to how we almost always make texts bend to match our own experiences.
Wednesday 2 Peter 3:1-10
1. I write these things again in a second letter, so as to stir in your mind sincere memories,
2. to remember the words that have been spoken beforehand by the holy prophets and the commandments of the Lord and savior given to you by the apostles.
3. First, you should know that scoffers will come mockingly in the last days, acting according to their own desires,
4. saying, “Where is the promise of his coming? For all our forefathers died, and so it continues just as it has from the beginning of creation.”
5. For they deliberately ignore that the heavens are ancient and the earth was formed from water and with water by the word of God,
6. Likewise, through water, the world was destroyed, flooded.
7. But now the heavens and earth are preserved for fire by the very same word of God. They are kept for the day of judgment and the destruction of godless people.
8. Now, do not let this escape your notice, loved ones, that one day with the Lord is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.
9. The Lord is not slow with these promises, as some think of slowness, but he takes a long-term view among you, not wishing anyone to be destroyed but instead making time for everyone to repent.
10. Now the day of the Lord will arrive as a thief, the heavens will pass away with a rushing noise but the elements, being burned, will dissolve and the earth and all its works will be found out.
Thursday 2 Peter 3:11-18
11. Since everything is being dissolved anyway, what kind of people should you be in order to live holy lives in godliness?
12. Waiting, being hurried even, for the coming day of God when the heavens will be set on fire, and the elements will dissolve, melting as they burn.
13. For now we wait expectantly for his promise of new heavens and a new earth where righteousness lives.
14. Therefore, loved ones, while you await these things be eager to be found spotless and unblemished by him, in peace.
15. And consider the long-term view of our Lord as a salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul wrote to you about, according to the wisdom that has been given to him.
16. And as in all his letters, speaking in them about these things, some of which are hard to understand, and unlearned and unstable people distort, just as they do other scriptures to their own destruction.
17. You, therefore, loved ones, know ahead of time to be on your guard so as not to be lead away together in unprincipled error and to lose your own stability.
18. May you now grow in grace and knowledge of our Lord and savior Jesus Christ: To him be glory now and on the eternal day. Amen.
The phrase “long-term view” that I use is usually understood as the ‘patience’ of the Lord. There is nothing wrong with that, but I think what Peter is trying to communicate here is that the Lord sees more than the temporary. He sees further down the road and therefore holds out hope for people’s repentance. We too should have a long-term view in our personal lives and in the ministries of our churches. If churches took longer-termed views then perhaps we’d have more stable churches with a lot less debt.
Friday Jude 1-16
1. From Judas (aka Jude), a servant of Jesus Christ and a brother of James to those called by God the father, having been loved and kept for Jesus Christ.
2. May mercy, patience, and love be multiplied to you.
3. Loved ones, with a lot of excitement I prepared to write to you about the savior whom we have in common, but instead I now have found it necessary to write urging you to strive for the faith entrusted to the saints.
4. Some people sneaked in, as written to you beforehand, who long ago earned God’s judgment on the godless, those who transformed grace into debauchery and disown the only ruler, our Lord Jesus Christ.
5. Now I want to remind you what you already know: The Lord, once having saved people from the Land of Egypt afterward destroyed those who did not believe.
6. The angels who did not keep to their own realm but abandoned their own dwelling, he kept them in perpetual chains of gloom until the great judgment day.
7. Sodom and Gomorrah and like-minded cities nearby fornicated and chased after unnatural sensuality, as is evident because they set before an eternal fire undergoing punishment.
8. Those like them, nevertheless, dream of sexual defilement, reject authority and blaspheme glory.
9. Michael the archangel, when he contended with the devil, he kept arguing about the body of Moses but he dared not make a blasphemous judgment but instead said, “Lord rebuke you!”
10. But on one hand these people blaspheme, but on the other hand they act instinctively like wild animals and as such they destroy themselves.
11. Woe to them, for they wish to travel in the way of Cain and in the error of Balaam, all for a reward, and they themselves abandon obedience and are destroyed in Korah’s rebellion.
12. These people are blots on your love feasts, eating without conscience and shepherding themselves. They are waterless clouds carried along by winds. They are trees in season but barren, being uprooted and therefore doubly dead.
13. They shame themselves, wild waves foaming the seas, wandering stars, which, in this age, have been kept in gloomy darkness.
14. Enoch spoke to these types of people in the seventh generation of Adam saying, “Behold, the Lord came with myriad of his saints,
15. to execute judgment against them and to convict each and every soul of all their godless, immoral works and for every defiant thing those godless sinners spoke against him.”
16. These are grumblers; they are disgruntled; they are against everything; they follow their own desires.
Jude is not happy with his audience. He wanted to write them something sweet and uplifting, but instead he felt like he had to hammer away at them. The language here is very spooky as he references all the punishments of old. My favorite is the idea of these evil people becoming ‘wandering stars kept in gloomy darkness’ no doubt referencing comets or meteors.
Saturday Jude 17-25
17. But now, loved ones, please remember the words that have been spoken by the Apostles and our Lord Jesus Christ.
18. and what they said to you, that at the end of time, there will be mockers, following their own ungodly desires.
19. These spiritually empty people are those of the same type as those who divide.
20. But you, loved ones, build yourselves firmly in the most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit.
21. Keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ in eternal life.
22. Likewise, show mercy to those who are doubting.
23. You must save others, snatching them from the fire, show mercy yourselves, with love, hating the flesh as if it were a dirty shirt.
24. The one who is able to guard you without stumbling, and to stand you before his glory without blemishes in gladness,
25. to the only God, our savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty and might. As it was before all ages, so be it now and forever. Amen.