Here is the second week of Advent’s Gospel (read last week’s here, read last year’s here) readings for our year translated, by me, from the Greek New Testament. Not much in the way of textual issues this week; only one variant. The key theme here is that most of the text is Jesus against his old foes the Pharisees and Sadducees. He really tees off on them and then the section ends with the Olivet Discourse, perhaps the most frightening words in the world.
On that day Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came and questioned him. They said, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If any man should die childless his brother must marry the wife and raise up offspring for his brother.’ Now, there were seven brothers and the first, having married, died, but he did not have offspring so he let his wife to for his brother. Likewise the second, the third, and all the seventh. Eventually they all died, as did the woman. Now, in the resurrection to which of the seven will she be a wife? For they all had her.
Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken. You know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God. For in the resurrection there is neither marriage nor getting married, but they will be as the angels in heaven. Have you not read what was spoken by God about the resurrection of the dead, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not he God of those who are dead but those who are living.
The crowds were astonished at his teaching when they heard that.
The Pharisees, hearing that he had silence the Sadducees, gathered together. One of them, a lawyer, questioned him with a test. “Teacher, what is the greatest commandment in the law? He said to him, “You must love the Lord your God with your whole heart, your whole soul, and your whole mind. This commandment is the greatest and most important. Now, the second most important is similar, you must love your neighbor as yourself. The whole body of the law and the prophets depends on these two commandments.”
Now, since they were gathered together, Jesus questioned the Pharisees saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said, “David.” He said to them, “How then, does it say that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying ‘The Lord said to my lord, ‘You sit at my right until I shall put your enemies under your feet.’ If David, then, calls him Lord, how is he his son?”
No one was able to answer him a word, nor did anyone question him any more from that day on.
Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and his disciples saying, “The Scribes and Pharisees sit upon Moses’ seat. Therefore, you must obey and do everything that they might say to you but do not do what they do because they do not do what they say. For they bind up a heavy burden which is hard to bear and then put it upon people’s shoulders yet they are unwilling to lift a finger themselves! Instead, the work they do is intended to be noticed by people—they make bigger religious trinkets and lengthen their tassels. They love the best table at dinner and the best seats in the synagogue and to be greeted on the street by people as “Rabbi.”
But do not let yourselves be called, “Rabbi,” for one of you is a teacher but all of you are brothers. Do not let yourselves be called, “Father” upon the earth, for there is one father, our heavenly father. Neither be called master for there is one master for you, the Christ. But the greatest among you will be the one who is your servant. Whoever will exalt himself will be humbled and whoever will humble himself will be exalted.
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you shut the door on the kingdom of heaven, which is right in front of your face! You do not enter in neither do they allow others to enter in.
[Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you yourselves gobble up widow’s homes and pray with false motives. They themselves will receive greater judgment. V. 14 is a very suspect textual variant which very likely does not belong to Jesus’ original statements here. The GNT only includes it as a footnote.]
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you travel overseas and far abroad to make one proselyte and when then when he becomes one you make him twice the son of hell as you are.
Woe to you blind guides who say it is meaningless for anyone who might swear by the Temple but if anyone should swear by the gold in the Temple he is obligated.
Blind fools! For which is greater; the gold or the temple which sanctifies the gold? [note–spellcheck does not like the word “sanctifies” but I’m sticking with it.]
You say that if anyone swears by the altar it is meaningless but if anyone swears by the gift upon it he is obligated.
Blind! For which is greater; the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
Therefore, anyone swearing by the altar swears by it and all that is upon it and anyone swearing by the Temple swears by it and the one dwelling in it and the one swearing by the heavens swears by the throne of God and he who sits upon it.
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you tithe on mint, dill, and cumin but forget the weightier issues of the law like judgment, mercy, and faith. These thins you ought to have done but not forgotten about the other things.
Blind guides! You strain the gnat but gulp the camel.
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites for you clean the outside of the cup and the side dish but inside it is full of loot and robbery.
O Blind Pharisees! First clean the inside of the cup and then the outside will become clean.
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you look like whitewashed tombs that are beautiful on the outside but filled with dead bones and all kinds of unclean things on the inside. Just like those your outside looks righteous to people but on the inside you are filled with hypocrisy and wickedness.
Woe to you Scribes and Pharisees—you are hypocrites because you build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteousness and you say “If we had lived in the days of our fathers we would not have participated in the bloodshed of the prophets.” Thus you testify against yourselves that you are the children of those who murdered the prophets and so therefore you must fulfill the full measure of your fathers. How will you snakes, you children of serpents escape from the judgment of hell?
Notice that I send you prophets, sages, and scribes and some of them you will kill and crucify and some of them you will flog in your synagogues and you will persecute them in city after city. You all come from bloody servants continually shedding blood ever since the righteous Abel to the blood of Zachariah, Son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the Temple and the altar. Truly I say to you, all this will come upon this generation.
O Jerusalem! Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those sent to her. How of ten I wished to gather your children together as when a hen gathers up her chicks under her wing. But you refused.
Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.
Jesus went out as he was coming from the Temple and his disciples came to him to point out the architecture of the Temple. Now, answering he said, “Do you not see all these things? Truly what I am saying to you is that when it is destroyed there will not be left one stone upon another.
Each of his disciples came to him while he was sitting on the Mountain of Olives and each one was asking, “Tell us when these things will be and what are the signs of your coming and the consummation of the ages.”
Jesus answer said, “See to it that you are not deceived. For many will come in my name saying, ‘I myself am Christ,’ and many will be deceived. You will be hearing the sounds of war and the rumors of war, but see that you do not become troubled by it for it is necessary that these happen, yet it is not yet the end. Nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom. Famines and earthquakes will come against various places; now all these are the beginning of the birth pangs. All the nations will hate you, then they will hand you over to afflict and to kill you because of my name. Then many will become fallen away, betraying and hating one another. Many false prophets will rise up, deceiving many. Lawless will increase so much that love will grow cold for many. But the one who holds out until the end will be saved. And the gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to every nation, and then the end will come.